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|Title:||A True IPM: Principles, Development and Adoption by the Cotton industry|
|Publisher:||Australian Cotton Growers Research Association|
|Abstract:||Cotton production worldwide uses 11 per cent of global insecticides each year and the trend continues to increase (Pesticide News, 2001). Overuse of pesticides can cause human ill-health, increase pest resistance and disrupt the activities of beneficial insects. At least 520 species of insects and mites, 50 plant diseases and 113 weed species have become resistant to insecticides, fungicides and herbicides meant to control them (Pesticide News V01. 47 and 48). There are two extremes in pest management. The first is organic where no pesticides are used to produce crops (this is not economical in Australian cotton production); the second is chemical control where only synthetic insecticides are used in pest management (this strategy is not sustainable and environmentally not acceptable). In between the two or halfway between the two extremes lies an integrated pest management system (IPM) where all types of control options viz; biological, cultural, chemical etc are integrated to manage pests on crops. The IPM approach reduces dependence on synthetic pesticides to control pests. The adoption of IPM for insect control by the Australian Cotton Industry may be regarded as a continuous journey of discovery. The industry has come a long way to reach where we are now. The industry has reached a point in their journey and are stagnating instead of moving forward to reach its goal (i.e. adoption of a true IPM). The point where the industry has reached and which is causing stagnation is the so called "e;soft option"e; IPM|
|Appears in Collections:||2002 Australian Cotton Conference|
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